Documentary Film, 52 minutes, NTSC video on Beta SP/Digibeta
English and Chinese with English subtitle

Co-Written by Rebecca Sherman
Original Music by Shih-Hui Chen
Distributed by First Run/Icarus Films

A young woman travels to China to meet her mother’s family after a 50-year separation. She discovers that her intellectual relatives have faced persecution, imprisonment, and even murder during China’s convulsive political movements.

Once Removed, a one-hour documentary, focuses on three of filmmaker Julie Mallozzi’s relatives: a scientist whose life was disrupted by politics, a professor whose life was ended by politics, and a government official who works her life around politics. Weaving together dreams, historical footage, and scenes from her relatives' lives, the filmmaker meditates on the complications of remembering and forgetting the past.

“What’s important: the thing that happened,
or the
thing that’s remembered?"

Mallozzi first visits her great-uncle Wang Shou-Jue, a scientist who pioneered the development of computer chips in China. He shows her his research, and talks about the Cultural Revolution, when he swept floors and fed furnaces: “physical hard work that didn’t use the brain.” The filmmaker makes realizes, “I studied the Cultural Revolution in college, but somehow it never occurred to me to think about my family living through these events.”

She then investigates the 1940s murder of her grandmother’s favorite brother, Fei Gong. A political science professor who promoted democracy in China, Fei Gong was kidnapped and murdered by the Nationalists, and later declared a revolutionary martyr by the Communists. Mallozzi retraces Fei Gong’s last steps to a foggy dock in Chongqing and the site of the chemical pool where his corpse supposedly was dissolved. “Do you think there is no chemical pool?” she asks her doubtful cousin Mimi as they walk through the desolate site. “I’m beginning to think this history isn’t true.” The filmmaker’s nightmares intensify as she gets caught in a tangled web of propaganda, family, and memory.

The film ends with a visit to Aunt Fei Shi-Cheng, the first cousin of Mallozzi’s mother and an energetic government official in the family’s hometown of Suzhou. She proudly shows Suzhou’s new development, but also cries about her father’s persecution and his parting words: “In loving my country I was not mistaken. I have not done my country wrong, or the Communist party wrong. Someday my name will be cleared.” The filmmaker prepares to leave China, realizing that, “For my relatives, the cost of remembering the past is high. For me, it’s a kind of luxury. But I need to recover my family’s past because I’m afraid of living without memories.”


  • Artists' Television Access, San Francisco October 2002
  • Roxbury Film Festival, Boston August 2000
  • Columbus International Film Festival (Honorable Mention) June 2000
  • National Council on Family Relations Media Competition May 2000 (First Place)
  • Film Fest New Haven April 2000
  • New England Film and Video Festival (BFVF Award) April 2000
  • Viewpoint series, WGBH-TV
  • Asian-American Film Festival, Boston March 2000
  • Asian Studies Association Conference, San Diego February 2000
  • Museum of Fine Arts, Boston December 1999

“Very inspiring.... subtle, serious, thoughtful. It looks at complex, even messy, personal and historical events without trying to resolve them.”
— Ross McElwee ("Sherman’s March", "Time Indefinite")

“A good balance of the informational and the personal... she culls eloquent images from the video footage and uses them well, with a nice, spare score by Shih-Hui Chen.”
— Betsy Sherman, Boston Globe

“Mallozzi deftly and subtly takes the personal and makes it political. She raises questions that apply to us all... Once Removed is an excellent addition for high shcool, academic, and public libraries.”
— Helen McCullough, MC Journal: the Journal of Academic Media Librarianship

“Ingratiatingly unpretentious.”
— Gerald Peary, Boston Phoenix

“An amazing personal tale with a thoroughly engaging mix of historical materials and gorgeous footage of Mallozzi’s journey... this should be seen and enjoyed."
— Bruce Jenkins, Curator, Harvard Film Archive


“Filmmaker’s Debut Makes the Cut,” Boston Herald, December 3, 1999 (requires purchase)

“Family Reunion : Mallozzi films her long-lost Chinese Relatives,” Harvard University Gazette, December 2, 1999

“American Girl: Review of Julie Mallozzi’s ‘Once Removed’,” newenglandfilm.com, December 1999

“Review: Once Removed,” Boston Phoenix, November 29, 1999

Center for Independent Documentary website


Download a full press kit for Once Removed, including fact sheet, credits, background, filmmakers’ viewpoint, screening info, and quotes about the film.


Center for Independent Documentary
Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
LEF Foundation
Elizabeth Firestone Graham Foundation
Massachusetts Media Fellowship
Harvard University Film Study Center
Private Donors


Distributed by First Run/Icarus Films